Fluke 438-II Power Quality and Motor Analyzer

Fluke 438-II Power Quality Analyzers are used to continuously monitor and analyze electricity lines for disturbance which can disrupt the reliable delivery of energy or cause damage to equipment plugged into the grid.

Overview

No matter what goes wrong in your facility, with the 438 II Power Quality Analyzers you will always be prepared.

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Fluke 438-II Power Quality Analyzers are used to continuously monitor and analyze electricity lines for disturbance which can disrupt the reliable delivery of energy or cause damage to equipment plugged into the grid.

Power quality disturbances include events such as voltage sags and swells, transients, harmonic distortion, and voltage or current imbalance.

Fluke 438-II always Measure key parameters like torque, speed, and mechanical power without mechanical sensors all while the motor is in service simply by using three phase input measurements.

Fluke 438-II Power Quality Analyzer also famous for the Motor analyzer. You can quickly and easily discover the effect of power quality or loads on your motor performance and a direct readout of mechanical motor measurements allows you to correctly size the motor for current operating conditions or take actions to prevent failures.

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Features

The ideal portable motor analysis test tool, the 438-II can help locate, predict, prevent, and troubleshoot power quality problems in three-phase and single-phase power distribution systems, while giving technicians the mechanical and electrical information they need to effectively evaluate motor performance.

  • Measure key parameters like speed, torque and mechanical power without mechanical sensor all while the motor is in service simply by using three-phase input measurements
  • Calculate Mechanical Power and Efficiency without the need of mechanical sensors
  • Automatically calculate motor derating according to NEMA/IEC guidelines
  • Measure electrical power parameters such as voltage, current, power, apparent power, power factor, harmonic distortion and unbalance to identify characteristics that impact motor efficiency
  • PowerWave data technology captures fast RMS data, and shows half-cycle averages and waveforms to characterize electrical system dynamics (generator start-ups, UPS switching etc.)
  • Identify power quality issues such as dips, swells, transients, harmonics and unbalance
  • Waveform capture function captures 100/120 cycles (50/60 Hz) of each event detected event, in all modes, without set-up
  • Automatic transient mode captures waveform data at 200 kS/s on all phases simultaneously up to 6 kV
  • Fluke Connect® compatible* – view data locally on the instrument, via Fluke Connect mobile app and PowerLog 430-II desktop software
  • Highest safety rating in the industry: 600 V CAT IV/1000 V CAT III rated for use at the service entrance.

Fluke 438-II mechanical metering functions

Motor torque
Calculates the amount of rotational force (displayed in lb.ft or Nm) developed by a motor and transmitted to a driven mechanical load. The motor torque is the single most critical variable that characterizes the instantaneous mechanical performance of rotating equipment driven by electric motors.

Motor speed
Provides the instantaneous motor shaft rotational speed. Combined with the motor torque, motor speed provides a snapshot of the mechanical performance of rotating equipment driven by electric motors.

Motor mechanical load
Measures the actual mechanical power (displayed in hp or kW) produced by motors and provides a direct link to overloading conditions without simply basing it on the motor current.

Motor efficiency
Shows the effectiveness of each motor within a machine, assembly line, plant, and/or facility in converting electric power to useful mechanical work. By properly aggregating the efficiencies of a population of motors the total (aggregate) efficiency can be estimated. Comparisons to expected motor efficiencies at observed operating conditions can help quantify the cost associated with motor energy inefficiency.

How it works
Using proprietary algorithms, the Fluke 438-II Power Quality and Motor Analyzer uses three-phase current and voltage waveforms to calculate motor torque, speed, load and efficiency at a 1 second update rate. The motor air gap field, as observed via the voltage/current waveforms, provides the basis for the measurements. Mechanical sensors and intrusive no-load motor testing are not required, making it faster than ever to analyze overall electric motor performance.

Electrical motor analysis

The Fluke 438-II provides a complete breakdown of electrical parameters. Prior to beginning motor analysis, it’s recommended to make base line power quality measurements to assess the state of harmonics and unbalance on the electrical service output as these two properties can have a serious negative impact, on motor performance.

When in Motor Analysis mode, results are summarized for electrical performance, mechanical performance and derating (according to NEMA recommendations).

The easy to understand four-level color severity scale indicates motor performance in relation to the recommended electrical parameter levels including rated power, power factor, unbalance and harmonics.

screen view motor analyzer electrical

For mechanical power you can instantly view the mechanical output power along with motor torque and speed. The mechanical output power is instantly compared with electrical power to provide you with live efficiency measurements. With this feature you can easily measure machine performance during each operation cycle.

screen view motor analyzer mechanical

The NEMA derating screen is updated as the load and the electrical conditions change, and each new measurement is plotted on the tolerance graph as a “+”. In this example we can see that motor is within tolerance but is close to the service factor. This indicates that there may be a need for power quality mitigation, motor maintenance or some other performance improving adjustment. By frequently performing these tests over time, known benchmarks and performance trends can be created, enabling informed maintenance investment decisions.

Specifications

Drive Measurement Details
Motor Type 3 phase asynchronous (induction)
Power Source Variable Frequency Drive
Motor Frequency Range 40Hz to 70Hz
Over/Under Voltage from Nominal V/f Curve (%) -15% to +15%
Carrier Frequency Range 2.5kHz–20kHz
Variable speed drive technology that is covered by the 438-II
Inverter Type VSI only (voltage controlled) *
Control Method V/f control, open-loop vector, closed loop vector, drives with encoders
Frequency 40 to 70 Hz
* VSI drives are the most common drives. The alternative CSI drives are used in higher power applications.
Variable speed drive technology NOT covered by the 438-II
Inverter Type CSI (current source inverter)
Motors type Synchronous (DC, stepper, permanent magnet etc.)
Motor Frequency <40 and >70 Hz
Mechanical specifications
Mechanical measurements can be performed on direct online motors with a 3 wire connection.
Motor measurement
Range Resolution Accuracy Default limit
Mechanical motor

Power

0.7 kW to 746 kW

1 hp to 1000 hp

0.1 kW

0.1 hp

±3%1

±3%1

100% = rated power

100% = rated power

Torque 0 Nm to 10 000 Nm

0 lb ft to 10 000 lb ft

0.1 Nm

0.1 lb ft

±5%1

±5%1

100% = rated torque

100% = rated torque

rpm 0 rpm to 3600 rpm 1 rpm ±3%1 100% = rated rpm
Efficiency 0% to 100% 0.10% ±3%1 NA
Unbalance (NEMA) 0% to 100% 0.10% ±0.15% 5%
Harmonics Voltage
Factor (NEMA)
0 to 0.20 0.1 ±1.5% 0.15
Unbalance Derating
Factor
0.7 to 1.0 0.1 indicative NA
Harmonics Derating
Factor
0.7 to 1.0 0.1 indicative NA
Total NEMA Derating
Factor
0.5 to 1.0 0.1 indicative NA
Notes: Supports motor design types NEMA A, B, C, D & E and IEC type H and N.
Rated torque is calculated from rated power and rated speed.
Update rate of Motor Measurements is 1x per second.
Default Trend duration is 1 week.
1Add 5% error when selecting Motor design type Other
Specification valid for Motor Power > 30% of rated power
Specification valid at stable operating temperature. Run the motor for at least 1 hour at full load
(2-3 hours if the motor is 50 HP or higher) to obtain stable temperature
Product Specifications
Volt Model Measurement Range Resolution Accuracy
Vrms (AC + DC) 1 V to 1000 V phase to neutral 0.01 V ±0.1% of nominal voltage1
Vpk 1 Vpk to 1400 Vpk 1 V 5% of nominal voltage
Voltage Crest Factor (CF) 1.0 > 2.8 0.01 ±5%
Vrms½ 0.1 V ±0.2% of nominal voltage
Vfund 0.1 V ±0.1% of nominal voltage
Amps (accuracy excluding clamp accuracy)
Amps (AC + DC) i430-Flex 1x  5 A to 6000 A 1 A ±0.5% ±5 counts
i430-Flex 10x 0.5 A to 600 A 0.1 A ±0.5% ±5 counts
1mV/A 1x 5 A to 2000 A 1A ±0.5% ±5 counts
1mV/A 10x 0.5 A A to 200 A (AC only) 0.1 A ±0.5% ±5 counts
Apk i430-Flex 8400 Apk 1 Arms ±5%
1mV/A 5500 Apk 1 Arms ±5%
A Crest Factor (CF) 1 to 10 0.01 ±5%
Amps½ i430-Flex 1x 5 A to 6000 A 1 A ±1% ±10 counts
i430-Flex 10x 0.5 A to 600 A 0.1 A ±1% ±10 counts
1mV/A 1x 5 A to 2000 A 1 A ±1% ±10 counts
1mV/A 10x 0.5 A A to 200 A (AC only) 0.1 A ±1% ±10 counts
Afund i430-Flex 1x 5 A to 6000 A 1 A ±0.5% ±5 counts
i430-Flex 10x 0.5 A to 600 A 0.1 A ±0.5% ±5 counts
1mV/A 1x 5 A to 2000 A 1 A ±0.5% ±5 counts
1mV/A 10x 0.5 A A to 200 A (AC only) 0.1 A ±0.5% ±5 counts
Hz
Fluke 434 @ 50 Hz Nominal 42.50 Hz to 57.50 Hz 0.01 Hz ±0.01 Hz
Fluke 434 @ 60 Hz Nominal 51.00 Hz to 69.00 Hz 0.01 Hz ±0.01 Hz
Power
Watts (VA, var) i430-Flex max 6000 MW 0.1 W to 1 MW ±1% ±10 counts
1 mV/A max 2000 MW 0.1 W to 1 MW ±1% ±10 counts
Power Factor (Cos j/DPF) 0 to 1 0.001 ±0.1% @ nominal load conditions
Energy
kWh (kVAh, kvarh) i430-Flex 10x Depends on clamp scaling and V nominal ±1% ±10 counts
Energy Loss i430-Flex 10x Depends on clamp scaling and V nominal ±1% ±10 counts Excluding line resistance accuracy
Harmonics
Harmonic Order (n) DC, 1 to 50 Grouping: Harmonic groups according to IEC 61000-4-7
Inter-Harmonic Order (n) OFF, 1 to 50 Grouping: Harmonic and Interharmonic subgroups according to IEC 61000-4-7
Volts % f 0.0% to 100% 0.1% ±0.1% ±n x 0.1%
r 0.0% to 100% 0.1% ±0.1% ±n x 0.4%
Absolute 0.0 to 1000 V 0.1 V ±5%1
THD 0.0% to 100% 0.1% ±2.5%
Amps % f 0.0% to 100% 0.1% ±0.1% ±n x 0.1%
r 0.0% to 100% 0.1% ±0.1% ±n x 0.4%
Absolute 0.0 to 600 A 0.1 A ±5% ±5 counts
THD 0.0% to 100% 0.1% ±2.5%
Watts % f or r 0.0% to 100% 0.1% ±n x 2%
Absolute Depends on clamp scaling and V nominal ±5% ±n x 2% ±10 counts
THD 0.0% to 100% 0.1% ±5%
Phase Angle -360° to +0° ±n x 1°
Flicker
Plt, Pst, Pst (1 min) Pinst 0.00 to 20.00 0.01 ±5%
Unbalance
Volts % 0.0% to 20.0% 0.1% ±0.1%
Amps % 0.0% to 20.0% 0.1% ±1%
Mains Signaling
Threshold Levels Threshold, limits and signaling duration is programable for two signaling frequencies
Signaling Frequency 60 Hz to 3000 Hz 0.1 Hz
Relative V % 0% to 100% 0.10% ±0.4%
Absolute V3s (3 second avg.) 0.0 V to 1000 V 0.1 V ±5% of nominal voltage
General Specifications
Case Design Rugged, shock proof with integrated protective holster Drip and dust proof IP51 according to IEC60529 when used in tilt stand position Shock and vibration Shock 30 g, vibration: 3 g sinusoid, random 0.03 g 2 /Hz according to MIL-PRF-28800F Class 2
Display Brightness: 200 cd/m 2 typ. using power adapter, 90 cd/m 2 typical using battery power Size: 127 x 88 mm (153 mm/6.0 in diagonal) LCD Resolution: 320 x 240 pixels Contrast and brightness: user-adjustable, temperature compensated
Memory 8GB SD card (SDHC compliant, FAT32 formatted) standard, upto 32 GB optionally Screen save and multiple data memories for storing data including recordings (dependent on memory size)
Real-Time Clock Time and date stamp for Trend mode, Transient display, System Monitor and event capture
Environmental
Operating Temperature 0°C ~ +40°C; +40°C ~ +50°C excl. battery
Storage Temperature -20°C ~ +60°C
Humidity +10°C ~ +30°C: 95% RH non-condensing
+30°C ~ +40°C: 75% RH non-condensing
+40°C ~ +50°C: 45% RH non-condensing
Maximum Operating Altitude Up to 2,000 m (6666 ft) for CAT IV 600 V, CAT III 1000 V
Up to 3,000 m (10,000 ft) for CAT III 600 V, CAT II 1000 V
Maximum storage altitude 12 km (40,000 ft)
Electro-Magnetic-Compatibility (EMC) EN 61326 (2005-12) for emission and immunity
Interfaces Mini-USB-B, Isolated USB port for PC connectivity SD card slot accessible behind instrument battery

Includes

  • Test lead set
  • i430 Thin flexible current probes (4)
  • Battery
  • Power adapter
  • Combination WiFi/SD card
  • Soft carry case
  • CD Rom with PowerLog 430-II software and user documentation

Resources

Fluke 438-II Power Quality and Motor Analyzer – Catalog    Download

Accessories

Cases & Holsters
Model Name Description
Fluke C435 Fluke C435 Hard Rolling Case
Clips
Model Name Description
Fluke AC285 Fluke AC285 SureGripTM Alligator Clips
Current Clamps
Model Name Description
Fluke i30s Fluke i30s AC/DC Current Clamp
Fluke-i310s Fluke i310s Current Probe
Fluke i400s Fluke i400s AC Current Clamp
Fluke i430 Fluke i430 Flex 4 Pack
Fluke i5S Fluke i5S AC Current Clamp
Fluke i5sPQ3 Fluke i5sPQ3, 5 A AC Current Clamps, 3-pack
Fluke-i6000s Flex Fluke i6000sFlex AC Current Probe
Options
Model Name Description
Fluke HH290 Fluke HH290 Hanging Hook for ScopeMeter 190-Series II
Test Leads
Model Name Description
Fluke TLS430 Fluke TLS430 – Test Leads and Alligator Clips (4 black, 1 green)
Test Leads, Probes & Clips
Model Name Description
Fluke WC100 Fluke WC100 Color Localization Set
Wireless Accessories
Model Name Description
FLK-FC-SD CARD Fluke Connect Wireless SD Card

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